Truth-checked: Kenya president’s 2020 state of the nation tackle
In November 2020 Kenya’s president Uhuru Kenyatta reported on the state of the nation, almost one and a half years since the final such tackle.
The speech centred on his administration’s efforts to combat the Covid-19 pandemic and its “Huge 4” agenda that’s centered on well being, housing, manufacturing and meals safety.
The president additionally made claims of progress in varied areas from training and land to the enterprise surroundings and electrical energy connections.
We checked the accuracy of eight of Kenyatta’s pronouncements.
We’ve contacted the presidency for the supply of the info used within the claims and can replace this report with their response.
To stem the unfold of the novel coronavirus, in March 2020 Kenyatta stated a nationwide curfew could be “in impact within the territory of the republic of Kenya” from 7 pm to five am.
Beginning on 27 March, the curfew’s hours have various. On the time of writing, it’s in place till 3 January 2021 between 10 pm and 4 am.
In his November tackle, Kenyatta stated the curfew was “Kenya’s first ever nationwide curfew since independence”.
The perfect data on curfews could be the authorized notices revealed within the Kenya Gazette as required by the Public Order Act, Dr Mutuma Ruteere advised Africa Test.
Ruteere is the director of the Centre for Human Rights and Coverage Research in Nairobi. A former United Nations particular rapporteur, he has written extensively on safety, policing and terrorism in Kenya.
“When a curfew is said, it needs to be gazetted,” Brian Kimari advised us. He’s a junior analysis fellow on the thinktank and has authored a coverage transient on the curfew in the course of the pandemic.
Kimari couldn’t discover an occasion of one other nationwide curfew, and we additionally got here up empty once we scoured the gazette’s archives.
Historic curfews regional or pre-independence
The data do present that regional curfews have been declared earlier than, in north-eastern Kenya within the Nineteen Sixties and 70s in the course of the shifta conflict and extra just lately throughout operations in opposition to the al-Shabaab terror group. Curfews had been additionally in place within the cities of Nairobi and Nanyuki in the course of the 1982 coup try, in some districts throughout varied safety operations, and in the course of the 2007/08 post-election violence.
A information article from March 2020 stated a nationwide curfew had been in place earlier than however beneath a colonial period state of emergency, citing veteran Kenyan administrator Joseph Kaguthi.
Kimari stated that the reference to the curfew by Kenyatta was meant to sign that the pandemic is “a really critical second” for the nation, but it surely additionally solid a highlight on the “securitisation of the pandemic response”. – Alphonce Shiundu
Kenya’s authorities took over the distribution of textbooks from colleges in January 2018.
For the newest knowledge on this, Dr Emmanuel Manyasa directed us to the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Improvement. He’s the government director of Usawa Agenda, an advocacy group within the training sector.
The 2019 fundamental training statistical booklet notes that the training ministry distributed books “on numeracy and literacy as a result of they’re the foundational abilities in training”.
“The information exhibits that the 1:1 pupil-textbook ratio in arithmetic, English and Kiswahili has virtually been achieved in Grade 1, 2 and three,” the booklet says.
It breaks this down by grade and enrolment.
The ratios have been rounded up, which means some pupils had been sharing books. For instance, some 49,088 grade 1 pupils wouldn’t have had their very own textbook.
Why is the ratio vital? In response to the training ministry, pupils sharing textbooks with multiple different little one achieved much less.
“Ideally, extra studying materials ought to enhance studying outcomes,” Manyasa advised Africa Test. However there have been additionally different elements at play, he stated, reminiscent of trainer shortages, particularly within the rural areas. – Alphonce Shiundu
Kenyatta in contrast this quantity to the six million title deeds he stated had been issued from independence in 1963 to when he took workplace in 2013. He made the identical declare in one other nationwide tackle in June 2020.
(Word: Since 2012 title deeds are additionally referred to as “certificates of title” in Kenya. They show that the individual named within the certificates owns the land.)
Since June 2020, the lands ministry web site has claimed that 4.5 million deeds have been issued “since 2013 in comparison with 5.6 million since independence”.
In June Farida Karoney, the cupboard secretary for lands, gave Africa Test the same variety of 5.6 million from 1963 to 2012. From 2013 to June 2019 about 4.1 million deeds had been issued, she stated, and 388,000 from July to April 2020. The minister’s figures added as much as 4.49 million.
We’ve requested Karoney for the variety of deeds issued since April and can replace this report as soon as we obtain a response.
Solely the ministry can verify the variety of deeds it has issued, the Kenya Land Alliance, a not-for-profit organisation that advocates for land reform within the nation, beforehand advised Africa Test. – Vincent Ng’ethe
Yearly, the World Financial institution publishes a report rating how pleasant nations make their economies to traders.
The newest, Doing Enterprise 2020, ranks Kenya 56th out of 189 nations. Within the sub-Saharan Africa area the nation was third after Mauritius and Rwanda.
The 2015 report, utilizing knowledge present as of June 2014, positioned Kenya 136th. So on this rating the president was correct. The presidency has additionally cited the nation’s progress up the rankings in earlier years. –Vincent Ng’ethe
|World Financial institution pauses ease of doing enterprise rankings
The benefit of doing enterprise rankings have lately are available for worldwide scrutiny.
Kwame Owino is the chief government of the Institute of Financial Affairs, a thinktank in Nairobi. In his view, the report is of questionable use, he advised Africa Test.
The methodology “has been questioned throughout the World Financial institution itself” and whereas the rating is seen as an finish in itself, it “doesn’t essentially result in extra funding”.
Owino additionally stated the rankings had been weighted in favour of enormous formal companies. “But when you realize we’ve an enormous casual sector, lots of the issues spoken about within the Ease of Doing Enterprise report don’t have an effect on them as a lot.”
In Kenya, 83% of employment was within the casual sector, based on the 2020 financial survey. Additional, he stated, the report has an “city bias” because it considers solely the capital Nairobi and never the nation’s 46 different counties.
“The publication of the Doing Enterprise report shall be paused as we conduct our evaluation,” the financial institution stated.
The African Continental Free Commerce Space is anticipated to extend commerce each inside Africa and with different areas and has been described as the most important free commerce space on the planet based mostly on the variety of nations.
The settlement establishing it was signed by 54 of the bloc’s 55 members in March 2018 throughout an African Union summit in Rwanda. Eritrea has not but signed.
The settlement’s standing listing exhibits Kenya was the primary to ratify it on 6 Might 2018, a day forward of Ghana. Some 28 nations had ratified the settlement as of October 2019, which means they agreed to be sure by its phrases. – Vincent Ng’ethe
In response to Kenya Energy, the nation’s electrical energy utility, “final mile” refers to the final hyperlink to the patron’s premise or residence.
In June 2020 we rated as unproven a declare by Kenyatta that the federal government had linked 8 million households to the electrical grid. Due to a delay in appointing Kenya’s auditor-general, the utility agency solely revealed its 2018/19 annual report in November 2020.
The report exhibits that within the 12 months to June 2019, some 306,771 prospects had been linked to electrical energy. (Draft treasury figures gave a determine of 440,822 prospects.)
As of 30 June 2019, the annual report confirmed Kenya Energy had linked 5.4 million home customers. One other 1.29 million had been linked beneath the rural electrification programme, for a complete of 6.7 million.
Home connections accounted for 94.5% of all prospects. This class has over the past 5 monetary years accounted for not less than a 90% share of the entire.
On its web site, Kenya Energy says that as of June 2020 it “sells electrical energy to over 7.5 million” however doesn’t specify what number of prospects had been home.
The obtainable knowledge accounts for six.7 million of the 7.2 million connections cited by the president. Kenya Energy’s 2019/20 annual report, to be revealed in January 2021, will doubtless give newer knowledge however in its absence we fee the declare as unproven. –Vincent Ng’ethe
The East African Neighborhood counts six member nations – Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda.
The 2020 financial survey from the Kenya Nationwide Bureau of Statistics exhibits that in 2019, Kenya made KSh140 billion in exports to the opposite nations. This was the very best since 2013.
The finalising of the group’s frequent market protocol meant that its members had been buying and selling extra with one another, Dr Paul Kamau advised Africa Test.
He’s a senior fellow on the College of Nairobi’s Institute for Improvement Research and has revealed analysis on Kenya’s commerce in East Africa.
“This may very well be giving the enterprise group extra confidence,” he stated, including that as markets such because the US and China get extra aggressive, there was extra deal with regional markets. – Vincent Ng’ethe
In his earlier state of the nation tackle in April 2019, the president claimed the nation had achieved a 100% transition from main to secondary college. We fact-checked the declare then and located it to be incorrect.
There are conflicting claims concerning the transition fee in 2019.
A 12 months later, in February 2020, training minister George Magoha claimed a 99.8% transition fee.
We’ve contacted the training ministry for readability. The obtainable knowledge nevertheless doesn’t present a 100% transition fee in 2019 or 2020. Consultants have beforehand advised Africa Test that attaining this full fee is tough within the absence of a legislation making secondary college obligatory.
Secondary college can also be not fully free and this can maintain some college students away. We due to this fact fee the president’s declare as incorrect. – Vincent Ng’ethe
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