Category: education

#EndSARS protests: Evaluating Nigeria’s well being and training spending to price of lawmaker maintenance

Nigeria noticed main protests over police brutality and weak governance in October 2020, with younger folks demanding reforms.

Throughout and after the #EndSARS protests, which attracted worldwide consideration, a number of claims concerning the nation’s improvement circulated on social media. 

One of many most generally shared claims in contrast nationwide spending on well being and training to the finances for lawmakers.

“Nigeria’s healthcare finances is N46 billion for 200 million folks. Nigeria’s training finances is N48 billion for 200 million folks. Nigeria’s legislator’s finances is N125 billion for 465 folks. The politician vs the folks,” it learn

We checked if the out there proof backed up these figures. 


Nigeria’s healthcare finances is N46 billion for 200 million folks.



No reference interval is given for this and the opposite claims. As of 1 July 2020, the UN estimated Nigeria’s inhabitants at 206.3 million.

To fact-check this declare, we first seemed on the 2021 finances proposals president Muhammadu Buhari offered to the nationwide meeting on 8 October 2020, whereas the protests have been underway.

On this finances, the federal authorities proposed to allocate N380.21 billion to healthcare, or about eight instances the N46 billion given within the graphic.  

We additionally seemed on the present finances. The allocation to well being was initially N441 billion, earlier than being pared right down to N414.46 billion because of the Covid-19 pandemic’s impression on the economic system. 

Information from our promise tracker instrument exhibits budgetary allocations to well being from 2017 to 2019 have been not less than N300 billion.

Healthcare persistently underfunded

Healthcare is underfunded in Nigeria, with its share of the finances often lower than 5%, Prof Kayode Osungbade, who teaches well being coverage and administration on the College of Ibadan, advised Africa Examine. 

Healthcare will get simply 2.9% of the whole finances proposed for 2021. Our promise tracker reveals that its finances has not breached 5% since 2015. 

That is regardless of the 2001 Abuja Declaration wherein African nations set a goal to spend not less than 15% of their annual finances on well being, Osungbade stated.  

“Budgeting so little for well being means there can be poor infrastructure, insufficient provides and low-quality healthcare supply.”


Nigeria’s training finances is N48 billion for 200 million folks.



The 2020 finances initially allotted N686.8 billion to training, earlier than revising this to N473.05 billion.

The federal government allotted N541 billion to training in 2018  and N462 billion in 2019, our promise tracker exhibits

For 2021, the federal government has proposed an allocation of N545.1 billion.

Nathaniel Abraham, a professor of instructional administration on the College of Port Harcourt, stated it was an indication of insufficient funding that the training finances was being in contrast with the price of the nationwide meeting.

He cited poor funding and low workers morale as a few of the challenges dealing with public studying establishments in Nigeria.

Extra funding would assist “rebuild our colleges, practice lecturers, present tools and studying materials, and construct expert manpower for the way forward for this nation”, Abraham advised Africa Examine.


Nigeria’s legislator’s finances is N125 billion.



The federal government has proposed N128 billion for the nationwide meeting in 2021.

That is unchanged from the determine the meeting authorized in December 2019. Lawmakers declined to move the N125 billion finances Buhari initially proposed.

Because of the pandemic the manager additionally proposed to chop the meeting’s finances to N115.2 billion however this was additionally not authorized.

The N125 billion declare is N3 billion in need of what was finally authorized.

Some lawmakers have argued that decreasing the nationwide meeting finances wouldn’t make a distinction to the economic system.

However a leaner federal parliament would have a big impact, in response to Abubakar Abdullahi, a professor of improvement economic system and coverage on the Usman Danfodiyo College Sokoto.

Given poverty ranges in Nigeria, “N128 billion makes an enormous distinction,” he advised Africa Examine.

“A minimal wage of about N30,000 a month is but to be totally applied; that’s N1,000 a day. Are you aware what number of minimal wages are in N128 billion?” 

Abdullahi stated that in a scenario the place many of the inhabitants had low buying energy, extra public funds would assist strengthen the nation’s productive sectors, “which incorporates training and healthcare”.

READ: Does a Nigerian lawmaker earn greater than US President Donald Trump?


There are 465 federal legislators.



The graphic means that 465 federal legislators make up Nigeria’s nationwide meeting. 

The nation has a two-chamber legislature;: the senate and home of representatives. The senate has 109 seats, comprising three senatorial districts for every of Nigeria’s 36 states and one for the federal capital. 

The home has 360 members. Whereas the variety of federal constituencies varies from one state to a different, 358 members signify federal constituencies in 36 states whereas two signify Abuja.

Altogether, there are 469 federal legislators, not 465.

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Fact-check: Nigeria state governor’s claims about stellar education record not backed by the data

The quality of education in Nigeria’s southwestern Ekiti state is often disputed by the ruling All Progressives Congress and the opposition, with each side claiming to have made more gains than the other.

The state’s governor was Kayode Fayemi of the APC from 2010 to 2014. He was then toppled in elections by long-time political rival Ayo Fayose of the People’s Democratic Party, but has again been governor since October 2018

Speaking at a school reunion in February 2020, Fayemi played up his administration’s education record during his two terms in office. 

We fact-checked three of his claims.


In 2014, we had 96% enrolment in Ekiti



Fayemi’s first term ended in June 2014. Africa Check asked the governor if he had been correctly quoted, whether he had evidence for the claim and if he was referring to primary or secondary schools.

We also asked if he was referring only to public schools. His office and the state bureau of statistics are yet to respond. We will update this report should they do so.

A reliable source for school enrolment across states is Nigeria’s digest of education statistics, Matthews Nganjiozor told Africa Check. He heads the Nigeria Education Management Information System at the federal education ministry. The digest had data for 2014 to 2017, he said.

Enrolment in primary schools formed “the basis for the [secondary school] levels”, Nganjiozor said. “If there is no primary school, junior and senior secondary schools will not mean much.”

In Nigeria, primary school covers grades one through six, and junior secondary school grades seven through nine. The last three years of school, grades 10 to 12, make up the senior secondary phase.

The digest of education statistics has data such as the gross enrolment rate in primary schools by state and gender. 

It shows that the gross primary school enrolment rate for Ekiti state was 23.83% in the 2013/14 academic year, and 29.58% in 2014/15. 

The two figures are both far less than the 96% Fayemi claimed. (Note: The digest does not have enough data to work out a net enrolment rate. But as explained in the following claim, the gross enrolment rate tends to be higher than the net rate. This means the net rate would be even lower, and Fayemi’s claim still incorrect).  


[But] in 2018, when I came back, [enrolment in] Ekiti was the least in the South West



The digest of education statistics does not have data for 2018. This would only be available in April 2020, Matthews Nganjiozor, who oversees the information system at the federal ministry of education, told Africa Check.

Oriyomi Ogunwale told us that the most recent data on school enrolment in Nigeria is from the Universal Basic Education Commission. He is the project lead at Eduplana, an organisation focused on education in Nigeria.

The commission’s data for 2018 covers several indicators for both public and private primary and junior secondary schools.

Two indicators can be used to deduce enrolment:

  • The net enrolment rate, or the enrolment of the official age group for a given level of education expressed as a percentage of the corresponding population.
  • The gross enrolment rate, or the total enrolment in a specific level of education, regardless of age. 

Ogunwale said the gross enrolment rate is usually higher than the net rate because there are often pupils outside the official age range at every level of education.

The net rate is preferable because it has to do with pupils who are within the official age range of a given level of education, Ogunwale said.

The commission’s data gave the official range for primary school as ages 6 to 11. (Note: This is slightly different from the 6 to 12 years official primary school age stated in the Compulsory, Free Universal Basic Education Act of 2004.) 

Ekiti had highest rate in region, not lowest

The data shows 219,766 pupils were enrolled in primary schools in the state in 2018 but only 191,625 were between age 6 and 11. In that year, the state had an estimated population of 300,111 children between ages 6 and 11.

This means the state’s net enrolment rate in 2018 was 63.9%, the highest in the South West region. Ondo state had a 62.7% net enrolment rate, Oyo state 62.1% and Ogun state 61.2%. The economic capital Lagos reported 58.8% and Osun state 56.9%.

For net enrolment rate at junior secondary school level, Ekiti was third with 37.8%, behind Ondo’s 49.4% and Ogun’s 44.7% in 2018. 

This means that contrary to Fayemi’s claim, Ekiti was not “the least in the South West” for school enrolment in 2018, at both the primary and junior secondary levels.

‘Enrolment is not attendance’

Ogunwale also told Africa Check that enrolment may not translate to attendance. 

“While enrolment is about the number of pupils registered in school in a given academic year, attendance is about how many of the enrolled pupils actually attend classes,” he said.


But today, we have raised enrolment to over 75% because of free education



Fayemi has not responded to our enquiry about what the school enrolment was before the more than 75% he claims to have raised it to. Official data shows it was 63.9% at primary level, and 37.8% at junior secondary level for 2018.

But the Ekiti state website gave enrolment as 55% as of January 2019, four months after he took office. We have not found any other data to compare, either at state or federal level.

Gap between law and reality

Fayemi attributed the increase in enrolment to the provision of free education. In October 2018, he signed an executive order that abolished an education development levy introduced by his predecessor in 2015.

This made education free – previously each primary school pupil was paying 500 naira per term and double this at secondary school level.

But the governor cannot claim outright credit for state policies that seek to punish parents of school-age children who are found on the streets.

Akinwunmi Akowonjo is a development consultant who coordinated the Education Partnership Centre’s learning academy. He told Africa Check that Fayemi’s claim echoes the universal basic education and child right laws at the national level.

“If governor Fayemi’s administration has come up with a policy that compels parents to send their children to school, then it is merely the state government’s way of implementing the provisions of the universal basic education and child rights laws,” Akowonjo said.

Free education in Nigeria ‘a fallacy’

Sidiqat Ijaiya, professor of education management at the University of Ilorin in western Nigeria, told Africa Check that despite a national law “free education” in Nigeria is a fallacy. 

The country’s universal basic education law prescribes that all children must have access to primary and junior secondary education. 

“The truth is there aren’t enough classrooms, desks or teachers to take care of them,” Ijaiya said. 

And while the government may pay tuition and provide textbooks, parents still have to buy uniforms and feed children before sending them to school, Ijaiya said. This means education is not totally free.

© Copyright Africa Check 2020. Read our republishing guidelines. You may reproduce this piece or content from it for the purpose of reporting and/or discussing news and current events. This is subject to: Crediting Africa Check in the byline, keeping all hyperlinks to the sources used and adding this sentence at the end of your publication: “This report was written by Africa Check, a non-partisan fact-checking organisation. View the original piece on their website”, with a link back to this page.

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