Whereas 2020 has been an unsure 12 months for a lot of, Kenyan politicians remained predictable in not less than a method: enjoying up their achievements in workplace.
In November 2020 president Uhuru Kenyatta delivered a delayed state of the nation handle, which we fact-checked.
However three months earlier the nation’s governors had braved the Covid-19 pandemic to make their annual state of devolution handle. Delivered by Wycliffe Oparanya, the chair of the council of governors, the speech is required by regulation.
Oparanya made various key claims, seven of which we fact-checked. These ranged from well being and agriculture allocations to water and sanitation entry.
(Notice: Oparanya spoke on 23 July, three weeks into the brand new monetary 12 months. To successfully confirm these claims, Africa Verify waited for the workplace of the controller of price range’s report on the earlier monetary 12 months. This was printed on the finish of September.)
A few of the information within the handle was collected from the counties, the council’s communications workplace instructed Africa Verify. In addition they referred us to the controller of price range’s report for the 2019/20 monetary 12 months.
The report reveals the 47 county governments permitted a mixed price range of KSh499.6 billion.
We compiled information on what the counties allotted to their departments of agriculture. This was KSh34.4 billion, or 6.9% of their whole price range.
We due to this fact fee this declare as incorrect. Specialists have additionally beforehand instructed us that precise spending is simply as important a measure to trace. – Dancan Bwire
Within the 2019 state of devolution handle, Oparanya gave the allocation to agriculture as 6.7%. We rated this declare as largely appropriate as the typical allocation was shut sufficient, at 6.9%.
A soar from 6.7% to 7.3% although is a rise of 0.6 share factors or 8.9%. We due to this fact fee this as incorrect. (Learn our information on easy methods to keep away from frequent statistical errors.) – Alphonce Shiundu
In 2014 the African Union met in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea’s capital metropolis. The ensuing Malabo declaration resolved to finish starvation on the continent by 2025, and to make sure that “not less than 10% of public expenditure” goes to agriculture.
Dr Timothy Njagi is a analysis fellow on the Tegemeo Institute of Agriculture Coverage and Improvement, an agriculture coverage thinktank in Kenya. He has co-authored a coverage transient urging county governments to speculate extra in agriculture and improve family incomes.
The “appropriate computation” of the ten% goal within the Malabo declaration “ought to be for the nation”, he instructed Africa Verify. This implies whole allocation and spending at each the nationwide authorities and county authorities degree.
Njagi highlighted a 2017 report by the nation’s planning division that confirmed what he known as a “disturbing development” the place nearly all of agriculture spending was concentrated on the nationwide degree.
“As an example, between 2013 and 2017, 60% of the sources in agriculture had been spent on the nationwide degree regardless of nearly all of the capabilities being devolved,” he stated.
The report notes that counties take into account their allocations and expenditure to agriculture to incorporate facets of cooperatives and commerce, but these don’t represent the sector as outlined on the nationwide degree.
Briefly, counties alone shouldn’t be chasing the ten% spending goal. Subsequently, we fee Oparanya’s declare as deceptive.
Njagi added that past allocation the cash ought to be channelled to the “proper makes use of”. He gave a few of these as analysis, extension providers and markets. -Alphonce Shiundu
Within the 2019/20 monetary 12 months, Kenya’s counties allotted a mixed KSh128.9 billion to well being of their budgets. That is in response to the controller of price range’s most up-to-date report.
As a share of their mixed KSh499.6 billion price range, this works out to 25.8%. In 2019, Africa Verify established the share of that 12 months’s price range was 26%. Oparanya due to this fact understated his determine, however we fee the declare largely appropriate.
Nonetheless, breaking down the information reveals some regional variations. Some 13 counties allotted lower than 24% of their budgets to well being. Taita Taveta had the bottom at 7%, whereas the best was Kirinyaga at 40%. – Grace Gichuhi
Water protection is the “inhabitants with entry to water providers, both with direct service connection or inside attain of a public water level, as a share of the whole inhabitants underneath utility’s nominal duty”.
This definition is by the World Financial institution-funded Worldwide Benchmarking Community, a undertaking that seeks to “assist entry to comparative info … amongst water provide and sanitation suppliers worldwide”.
In Kenya, water protection is tracked by the Water Providers Regulatory Board. It’s most up-to-date report, printed in 2020, covers the 2018/19 monetary 12 months.
The info reveals that water protection improved from 57% in 2017/18 to 59% in 2018/19. Within the absence of knowledge for 2019/20, we fee council chair Oparanya’s declare unproven.
The report additionally notes that water service suppliers serve barely half, or 49%, of the nationwide inhabitants.
“The development in protection has been rising, albeit slowly, with a development of solely 4 share factors within the final 5 years,” it says. – Alphonce Shiundu
The Water Providers Regulatory Board defines “sewered sanitation protection” as “the variety of folks served with flush or pour-flush to piped sewer techniques, as a share of the whole inhabitants throughout the service space of the utility”.
Utilities with sewerage techniques are measured on how they ship sanitation providers to their customers.
The board’s most up-to-date report, printed in 2020, covers the 2018/19 monetary 12 months. It reveals that sanitation protection elevated barely from 16% in 2017/18 to 17% in 2018/19.
We nonetheless fee this declare as unproven as we should not have the board’s 2019/20 report that the governors referred to.
The report does observe there was a decline in protection because the inhabitants rose quickly, outpacing funding in infrastructure.
Solely about 3.9 million folks in 26 counties have entry to sewered sanitation, it provides, with 61% of those folks within the capital Nairobi. “This due to this fact implies that 21 counties lack any techniques for waste administration.” – Alphonce Shiundu
“CECs” confer with county government committee members who kind the county cupboard.
Kenya’s structure prescribes that “no more than two-thirds of the members of elective or appointive our bodies shall be of the identical gender”.
In line with the latest financial survey from the nationwide statistics workplace, all 47 county assemblies have met this threshold because the final election in 2017. The survey’s information is sourced from the council of governors.
For county executives, not less than 30% of the county cupboards in 39 counties had been feminine. The three counties cited by Oparanya, along with Mombasa, had achieved gender parity.
Some counties that failed to attain this included Kitui, which had no girl county government in 2019, Nairobi and Kisumu (each 25%) and Kericho (16.7%). – Alphonce Shiundu
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